feel it +形容词(补足语)+to do sth。 比如,I feel it hard to,feel形容词

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Q1:feel it +形容词(补足语)+to do sth。 比如,I feel it hard to?

这个结构是正确,意思是如何感觉干燥…这里是形式宾语,真实宾语是不定式。

Q2:高中二年级,非谓语动词规则和这个语法好的记忆,学习方法。

一、非谓语动词具有双重性: 1. 具有本身的动词特征: * 及物动词可以由有自己的宾语; * 可以由状语来修饰; * 有时态和语态的变化 2. 在句子中起相当于名词、形容词或副词的语法作用 二、非谓语动词的词类属性及其语法功能 1. 不定式 1)名词性,在句子中可以用作主语、宾语及说明主语属性的表语。 * 主语:To talk with him is a great pleasure. 和他谈话是一件非常愉快的事。 注意:作主语可以用形式宾语表示——It is a great pleasure to talk with him * 表语:Her job is take care of the chilgren and wash clothes. 她的工作是照看小孩和洗衣服。 * 宾语:She decided to try again. 他决定再试一次。 注意:做宾语是学习不定式的重点,应该掌握可以带有不定式宾语的一些特定动词,如意念动词 want, wish, decide, help, pledge 必须跟不定式,begin, start, like 和 forget,remember, regret, need 等动词跟不定式宾语的特殊含义。 2)形容词性,在句子中可以用作定语和形容词补足语(也有人称作原因状语)。 * 定语: He is always the first one to get up. 他总是第一个起床的人。 I have a few wirds to say. 我有几句话要说。 * 用在 be + 情感形容词后,如: She is ready to help us. 他愿意帮助我们。 They are anxious to learn to do something important. 他们渴望做一些重要事情。 3)副词性,在句子中可以用作目的和结果状语。 * 目的状语: You must come to see me on Sunday. Early in 2000 he went abroad to studay. 注意: 要掌握 in order to 和 so as to 用法。 * 结果状语: A few years later he came home to find that his hometown had already changed. 注意:要掌握 so...as to, too...to 和 ...enough to 的用法。 2. 动名词:具有名词性,可以用作主语、宾语和表语 * 主语: Talking is easy. 仅凭嘴说是容易的。 It is no use crying over spilt milk. 吃后悔药是没用的。 注意:如果表语是名词 no use, no good, no help 或形容词 useful, useless, helpful 等,一定要用动名词短语作主语(不能用不定式) * 宾语: 直接宾语:Please stop talking. 注意:必须熟记必须跟动名词作宾语的特定动词,如 mind,imagine, finsh,consider, suggest,can"t help 等,以及在某些动词后动名词和不定式作宾语的区别(见不定式)。 短语动词(动词+小品副词)后必须用动名词作宾语,如:give up 放弃, put off推迟,dally over 延误等。 介词后必须用动名词作宾语。 * 表语: Her favourite occupation is reading. 他最喜欢的是读书。 注意:与进行时态的区别,进行时态主语由有行为能力的名词充当,动名词则是由无行为能力的名词充当。 3. 分词:具有形容词性和副词性 1)形容词性:用作定语、表语和宾语补足语 * 定语 前置定语: the working people 劳动人民。(people 是 working 的行为者) worn clothes 破旧衣服 (clothes 是被穿破的) 后置定语:相当于定语从句 The man carrying a big flag was a model worker. ( = The man who carried a big flag was a model worker.) That is a book written by a worker. (= That is a book that was written by a worker.) * 表语 现在分词作表语说明主语的特征:The story is interesting (故事的特征是有趣的) 过去分词作表语说明主语所呈现的状态:He is interested in the story. (他对故事呈现出感兴趣的状态) * 宾语补足语: 现在分词说明宾语当时执行的行为:I saw him coming.(他正过来) 过去分词说明宾语是分词涉及的对象:I must have my hair cut. (头发被别人剪掉) 2)副词性:用作状语 * 时间状语:相当于时间状语从句 Entering the dining room, he saw his mother in white clean overall. (= When he entered the diningroom, ) * 原因状语:相当于原因状语从句 Knowing that it was going to rain, he decided not to go out. (= Since he knew that it was going to rain) * 方式或伴随状语:相当于一个并列分句 Laughing and talking, the students went out to the fields. (= the students laughed and talked and ...) She stood there, waiting for the bus. (= She stood there and she waited for the bus) 注意:现在分词或过去分词的区别;分词作状语(时间、原因、方式和伴随)与不定式作状语(目的、结果)的区别二、非谓语动词的时态: 这种时态是与谓语动词行为发生时间进行比较相对而言的时态,不是真实时间真正意义上的时态。 1. 一般形式 :同步发生或一前一后紧接发生 * 不定式 to do I saw him go out. (saw 和 to go 几乎同时发生) Would help me to put things in order before we leave. (help 和put in order “整理好”同时发生) * 动名词和现在分词 doing He insisted on joining our team. (insisted 和 joining 前后发生) Working there, we learned a lot from them. (Working 与 learned 同时发生) 2. 进行形式. 非谓语动的行为发生在谓语动词行为的中间 * 不定式:to be doing * 动名词和现在分词已经有了进行意思,不存在这一形式。 3. 完成形式. 非谓语动时发生在谓语动词行为之前 * 不定式:to have done I am sorry to have kept you waiting. (have kept 发生在 am sorry 之前) * 动名词和现在分词: having done I don"t remember having seen you five years ago. (seen 发生在 remember 的五年以前 ) Having finished his work, he went to help others. (finished 发生在 went 之前)三、非谓语动词的语态: 该语态决定于其逻辑主语与非谓语动的关系。 * 主谓关系用主动语态 I regret being unable to write you earlier. (句子主语 I 是逻辑主语,是 be unable to write 的行为者) 其他例子见上面的例句。 * 动宾关系用被动语态 There is nothing left to be said. (nothing 是 to be said 逻辑主语,是被说出来的对象) Jane like being read to when she is ill. (珍妮喜欢别人念给她听,Jane 是 being read 的逻辑主语) Being asked to stay, I promised not to leave.(I 是 being asked的逻辑主语 ) 四、非谓语动词的复合结构 当句子里不存在非谓语动词的逻辑主语,就需要用它们的复合结构表示逻辑主语。 1. 不定式的复合结构:for sb. to do sth. It is important for us to learn science. 2. 动名词的复合结构:one"s doing sth.,用作宾语代词也可以用宾格 + doing sth. He insisted his friend"s going with him. He insisted his my/me going with him. 3. 分词的复合结构称作独立主格结构: * 现在分词名词:普通格 + doing sth. Weather permitting, I will go. The question being settled, we wound up the meeting * 过去分词:普通格 + done Homework done, he sat up for a rest.

Q3:there can be是什么句型 还有there be句型有哪些

there can be 是推断句,表示: 可能有...There be表示存在的“有”,他有各种时态,如: 一般现在时:there is/are;一般过去时:therewas/were 一般将来时:there will be;过去将来时:there would be; 现在完成时:there has/have been;过去完成时:there had been 要特别注意be going to 在there be 句型中的运用。例如: There is going to be a film in the meeting hall.学校礼堂里将有一场电影。 还可扩展为许多其它句型,下面笔者对There be句型的扩展作一归纳。 一There be+主语 这种句式表示事物的客观存在,There be放在句首,而把真正的主语放在后面,可以用来表示现在时、过去时、完成时和将来时。例如: There is a boy on the playground.操场上有个男孩。 There has been a lot of rain this month. 这个月雨水很多。 There will be an announcement soon. 不久会发布告。 二,There are + n(复数名词/不可数名词)+ and + n(复数名词/不可数名词) 该句型表示同一类人或物的不同性质,尤其表示有好坏优劣之分,意为“有各种各样的”、“种种不一”等。如: There are friends and friends. 朋友有种种,有益友,有损友。 There is tea and tea. 茶叶有好有差。 三 There be+名词+分词 这种句式中分词可以是现在分词,也可以是过去分词。doing表示动作和前面名词有主谓关系,过去分词done和前面名词有被动关系。如: There is a man sitting on the fence. 有个人正坐在篱笆上。 There was a car stolen last night. 昨晚有辆车被偷了。 这种句式可以用"主语+be+分词"这一结构来代替。例如: There is a boy playing with a puppy in the yard. ( = A boy is playing witha puppy in the yard.) 一个男孩正在院子里和一只小狗玩耍。 There has been more money spent on armaments than on famine relief. (=More money has been spent on armaments than on famine relief.) 花在军备上的钱比花在救灾上的钱还多。 四, There be+名词+动词不定式 这种句式中的及物动词(动词不定式)也可改成被动式, 意为"(没)有……要做"。例如: There is a lot of work to do (to be done). 有许多工作要做。 There was no time to wait for you. 没有时间再等你了。 注意:There is nothing to do与There is nothing to be done. 含义不同。前者意为:"无事可做",后者意为"没有办法"。试比较: There is nothing to do-I"m bored. 无事可做--我感到闷得慌。(=There is nothing to entertain me.) 没有什么活动来消遣。 There is nothing to be done-we"ll have to buy another one. 没有办法--我们只好另外买一个了。(= There is no way off putting it right.) 五 There is+no+动名词 这种句式可与"It is impossible+动词不定式"替换,意为"无法做某事"。例如: There is no stopping him. (=It is impossible to stop him.)无法阻止他。 There is no guessing what will happen. 无法猜到将会发生什么。 六, There is(no) need for+名词 该句式意为"(不)需要……"。例如: There is no need for anxiety. 不需要担心。 There is a great need for a book on this subject. 非常需要有一本关于这个题目的书。 七, There is no need+动词不定式.例如: There is no need for him to come.不需要他来了。 There is no need (for you) to start yet.(你)现在还没有必要动身。 八,There is no use+动名词 该句式可与"It is no use+动名词"互换,意为"……无用(无济于事)"。例如: There is no use waiting any longer.(=It is no use waiting any longer.) 再等下去是没有用的。 There is no use(in) offering the olive branch now. 现在想和解也无济于事了。 九, There is nothing /not anything like… 该句型中“nothing/not anything like…”相当于“nothing /not anything better /more suitable than…”,意为“没有什么比……更好/更合适/更有效了”。如: There is nothing like a book for taking you out of yourself. 没有什么比书更能使你解脱自己了。 There is nothing like walking as a means of keeping fit. 作为保持健康的方法,没有什么比散步更好的了。 十, There is nothing more...than 该句式意为"再……不过了"。例如: There is nothing more dangerous than an illusion of security. 太平无事的想法是再危险不过的了。 十一,There is no(not any) point in+动名词 该句式意为:"……是没有意义(思)的。"例如: There is no point in doing so. 这样做是没有意义的。 There is not any point in harping on the same old tune. 没有必要再重复这一套。 十二,情态动词及ought to,have to,used to用在there be结构中。例如: There must be something wrong with the machine,for it doesn’t run well. 机器一定出了毛病,因为他运转不正常。 There oughtn’t to be too great a difference in our views. 我们的看法不应该存在太大的分歧。 There might be some good songs after all this trash. 在播放了这些乱七八糟的歌曲之后,可能会放几首好歌。 If the power hadn"t been cut off so quickly, there could have been a big fire. 要不是迅速切断电源,可能会引发一场大火。 十三,There is a possibility of(或that) 该句式表示"有可能"。例如: There is a possibility of my going to Denmark. (= There is a possibility that I may be able to go to Denmark.) 我有可能去丹麦。 十四, There+人称代词+come(go)/there come(go)+名词 该句式是there作感叹词放在句首。如果主语是人称代词,则动词放在其后;如果主语是名词,则动词放在其前。例如: There they come!他们来了! There comes the bus at last!公共汽车终于来啦! 十五,. There+动词 这种句式只限于表示存在某种状态、发生某种事或某事、某人到达等动词,意义比there be 结构格更为生动贴切。如live,lie seem,appear,happen tand,exist,arise,enter,come,go,remain,exist,rise,occur,flow,arrive,enter,follow等。而不适用于表示一般具体行动的动词。例如: Many years ago,there lived an emperor who cared more for clothes than for anything else. 许多年前有位皇帝热衷于漂亮的衣服胜过其他东西。 There stands a tall building across the river over there. 河对面耸立着一幢高层建筑物。 There goes the bell.铃响了。 There comes a knock at the door.有人敲门。 There remains one question to be discussed.还剩一个问题要讨论。 There seems to be something wrong about it. 这事好像有点儿不大对头。 There appears to be no one who can answer this question. 看来没人能够回答这个问题。 There will follow an interval of five minutes. 随后将有五分钟的休息。 十六,There are/is certain(sure,likely)to be该结构的意义为肯定有/可能有。例如: Thereare like to be more difficulties than you were prepared for。 很可能会遇到你预想不到的困难。 There are sure to be a restaurant some where。 某处肯定有个饭店。 十七,There +be+ed分词+to be常用动词有:say,expect,believe,consider,think,mean,构成信息来源模糊表达式。例如: There is/are said to be a number of wounded on both sides。 据说双方都有不少受伤。 There is/are expected to be an exciting film next week。 预计下周有一步精彩电影上演。 十八v + there to be该结构中的动词往往是:expect, want, intend, mean, consider, like, hate, prefer等接不定式做宾语的动词。如: We don’t want there to be any students falling behind. 我们不想有任何学生落后。 I should prefer there tobe no disscusion。我希望没有讨论。 动词let后接there be 做宾语补足语。如: Let there be no mis under standing。不要产生误会。 十九There being/having been是独立主格结构,在句中作状语。如: There having been no rain for a long time, the ground was burned black by the sun. 好长时间未下雨,大地都给太阳烤焦了。 二十There(not) being/there(not) having been用作ing分词的复合结构在句中做主语或宾语。例如: There being a bus stop so near the house is an advantage。(做主语) 公共汽车站离家这末近是一很有利的条件。 I dreamed of there being a holiday tomorrow。 我梦想明天有一假日。 二十一,for ther to be 为不定式复合结构例如: For there to be no late comers was unusual。 没人迟到这是不寻常的事。 It is not cold enough for there to be frost。 天还不够冷不足以有霜冻。 二十二,There is nothing for it but to do sth 该句型相当于“There is no choice but to do sth”,意为“别无他法,只能……”。如: There is nothing for it but to do what is required. 只能按要求去做了,别无他法。(=I have no choice but to do what it required.)

Q4:动词+TO不定式做宾语补足语的词,例如want sb to do sth尽可能多啊

asksbtodosthpersuadesbtodosthinvitesbtodosth......其实非常的多,难以一一例举,如果你是高中学生,可以参考牛津英语模块五的第一单元语法

Q5:there be 的重点,难点,及用法不管什么,有

1.基本结构有主语地点/时间状语。房间里有一台电脑。房间里有一台电脑。每天晚上有两部电视剧。每天晚上有两部电视剧。2.主谓一致应采用最接近一致的原则,与主语接近一致。盒子里有一支钢笔,两把尺子。盒子里有一支钢笔和两把尺子。学校门口有两个男孩和一个老师。门口有两个男孩和一个老师。3.在be句型中,当主语和动词处于主动关系时,使用现在分词;被动时使用过去分词。地上有一个钱包。地上有一个钱包。现在还剩五分钟。还有五分钟。4.矛盾疑问句。反语义疑问句应该对应有,而不是根据主语。桌子上有一台收音机,不是吗?桌子上有一台收音机,不是吗?你们学校有五十多个班,不是吗?你们班有50多名学生,不是吗?5.当有归属时,有可以被有所取代。我的包里只有一本书。=我包里除了一本书什么都没有。6.当后面跟不定式时,主动形式常用来表示被动意义。有很多工作要做。注意:当这个句型的主语是不定代词时,如某物、任何事物、没有事物等。后面的不定式有主动或被动两种形式,意义不同。没什么可做的。没什么可做的。没什么可做的。7.与其他词一起构成复合谓语。今天下午可能会下雨。战前这里曾有一家电影院。战前,这里有一家电影院。8.在变体中,be结构有时可以被live、stand、remain等代替。从前有一个国王,他最喜欢新衣服。9.做某事没有用。一刻也不能耽误。和他交朋友没有好处。和他交朋友没有好处。他病得很重。送他去医院。一刻也不能耽误。他病得很重,所以马上带他去医院。有be表示“有”的存在,有各种时态,如:一般现在时:有/有;一般过去时:过去有/过去有一般将来时:将来会有;过去式和将来时:会有;现在完成时:有/曾经有;过去完成式:有过特别要注意的是要在有句型中的应用。会议厅里将有一场电影。学校礼堂将有一场电影。它也可以扩展到许多其他句型。作者将在下面总结句型的延伸。句型“有be主语”表示事物的客观存在,句首有be,后面是真正的主语,可以表示现在时、过去时、完成时、将来时。例如,操场上有一个男孩。这个月下了很多雨。很快就会有公告。二、有n(复数名词/不可数名词)和n(复数名词/不可数名词)这个句型表示同一类人或事物的不同性质,尤其是好与坏的区别,意思是“有各种”和“各种”。朋友有很多种,有好朋友也有坏朋友。有茶和茶。茶有好有坏。这个句子中的分词可以是现在分词,也可以是过去分词。do表示动作与前面的名词有主谓关系,过去分词done与前面的名词有被动关系。有一个人坐在栅栏上。昨晚有一辆车被偷了。昨晚一辆汽车被偷了。这个句型可以用主语be。+分词"这一结构来代替。例如:There is a boy playing with a puppy in the yard. ( = A boy is playing witha puppy in the yard.)一个男孩正在院子里和一只小狗玩耍。There has been more money spent on armaments than on famine relief. (=More money has been spent on armaments than on famine relief.)花在军备上的钱比花在救灾上的钱还多。四, There be+名词+动词不定式这种句式中的及物动词(动词不定式)也可改成被动式, 意为"(没)有……要做"。例如:There is a lot of work to do (to be done). 有许多工作要做。There was no time to wait for you. 没有时间再等你了。注意:There is nothing to do与There is nothing to be done. 含义不同。前者意为:"无事可做",后者意为"没有办法"。试比较:There is nothing to do-I"m bored.无事可做--我感到闷得慌。(=There is nothing to entertain me.) 没有什么活动来消遣。There is nothing to be done-we"ll have to buy another one. 没有办法--我们只好另外买一个了。(= There is no way off putting it right.)五 There is+no+动名词这种句式可与"It is impossible+动词不定式"替换,意为"无法做某事"。例如:There is no stopping him. (=It is impossible to stop him.)无法阻止他。There is no guessing what will happen. 无法猜到将会发生什么。六, There is(no) need for+名词该句式意为"(不)需要……"。例如:There is no need for anxiety. 不需要担心。There is a great need for a book on this subject. 非常需要有一本关于这个题目的书。七, There is no need+动词不定式.例如:There is no need for him to come.不需要他来了。There is no need (for you) to start yet.(你)现在还没有必要动身。八,There is no use+动名词该句式可与"It is no use+动名词"互换,意为"……无用(无济于事)"。例如:There is no use waiting any longer.(=It is no use waiting any longer.) 再等下去是没有用的。There is no use(in) offering the olive branch now. 现在想和解也无济于事了。九, There is nothing /not anything like… 该句型中“nothing/not anything like…”相当于“nothing /not anything better /more suitable than…”,意为“没有什么比……更好/更合适/更有效了”。如:      There is nothing like a book for taking you out of yourself. 没有什么比书更能使你解脱自己了。There is nothing like walking as a means of keeping fit.作为保持健康的方法,没有什么比散步更好的了。十, There is nothing more...than该句式意为"再……不过了"。例如:There is nothing more dangerous than an illusion of security. 太平无事的想法是再危险不过的了。十一,There is no(not any) point in+动名词该句式意为:"……是没有意义(思)的。"例如:There is no point in doing so. 这样做是没有意义的。There is not any point in harping on the same old tune. 没有必要再重复这一套。十二,情态动词及ought to,have to,used to用在there be结构中。例如:There must be something wrong with the machine,for it doesn’t run well.机器一定出了毛病,因为他运转不正常。There oughtn’t to be too great a difference in our views.我们的看法不应该存在太大的分歧。There might be some good songs after all this trash.在播放了这些乱七八糟的歌曲之后,可能会放几首好歌。If the power hadn"t been cut off so quickly, there could have been a big fire.要不是迅速切断电源,可能会引发一场大火。十三,There is a possibility of(或that)该句式表示"有可能"。例如:There is a possibility of my going to Denmark. (= There is a possibility that I may be able to go to Denmark.) 我有可能去丹麦。十四, There+人称代词+come(go)/there come(go)+名词该句式是there作感叹词放在句首。如果主语是人称代词,则动词放在其后;如果主语是名词,则动词放在其前。例如:There they come!他们来了!There comes the bus at last!公共汽车终于来啦!十五,. There+动词这种句式只限于表示存在某种状态、发生某种事或某事、某人到达等动词,意义比there be 结构格更为生动贴切。如live,lie seem,appear,happen tand,exist,arise,enter,come,go,remain,exist,rise,occur,flow,arrive,enter,follow等。而不适用于表示一般具体行动的动词。例如:Many years ago,there lived an emperor who cared more for clothes than for anything else.许多年前有位皇帝热衷于漂亮的衣服胜过其他东西。There stands a tall building across the river over there.河对面耸立着一幢高层建筑物。There goes the bell.铃响了。There comes a knock at the door.有人敲门。There remains one question to be discussed.还剩一个问题要讨论。There seems to be something wrong about it. 这事好像有点儿不大对头。There appears to be no one who can answer this question. 看来没人能够回答这个问题。There will follow an interval of five minutes. 随后将有五分钟的休息。十六,There are/is certain(sure,likely)to be该结构的意义为肯定有/可能有。例如:Thereare like to be more difficulties than you were prepared for。很可能会遇到你预想不到的困难。There are sure to be a restaurant some where。某处肯定有个饭店。十七,There +be+ed分词+to be常用动词有:say,expect,believe,consider,think,mean,构成信息来源模糊表达式。例如:There is/are said to be a number of wounded on both sides。据说双方都有不少受伤。There is/are expected to be an exciting film next week。预计下周有一步精彩电影上演。十八v + there to be该结构中的动词往往是:expect, want, intend, mean, consider, like, hate, prefer等接不定式做宾语的动词。如:We don’t want there to be any students falling behind. 我们不想有任何学生落后。I should prefer there tobe no disscusion。我希望没有讨论。动词let后接there be 做宾语补足语。如:Let there be no mis under standing。不要产生误会。十九There being/having been是独立主格结构,在句中作状语。如:There having been no rain for a long time, the ground was burned black by the sun.好长时间未下雨,大地都给太阳烤焦了。二十There(not) being/there(not) having been用作ing分词的复合结构在句中做主语或宾语。例如:There being a bus stop so near the house is an advantage。(做主语)公共汽车站离家这末近是一很有利的条件。I dreamed of there being a holiday tomorrow。我梦想明天有一假日。二十一,for ther to be 为不定式复合结构例如:For there to be no late comers was unusual。没人迟到这是不寻常的事。It is not cold enough for there to be frost。天还不够冷不足以有霜冻。二十二,There is nothing for it but to do sth该句型相当于“There is no choice but to do sth”,意为“别无他法,只能……”。如:There is nothing for it but to do what is required. 只能按要求去做了,别无他法。(=I have no choice but to do what it required.)

Q6:there can be是什么句型 还有there be句型有哪些

there can be 是推断句,表示: 可能有...There be表示存在的“有”,他有各种时态,如: 一般现在时:there is/are;一般过去时:therewas/were 一般将来时:there will be;过去将来时:there would be; 现在完成时:there has/have been;过去完成时:there had been 要特别注意be going to 在there be 句型中的运用.例如: There is going to be a film in the meeting hall.学校礼堂里将有一场电影. 还可扩展为许多其它句型,下面笔者对There be句型的扩展作一归纳. 一There be+主语 这种句式表示事物的客观存在,There be放在句首,而把真正的主语放在后面,可以用来表示现在时、过去时、完成时和将来时.例如: There is a boy on the playground.操场上有个男孩. There has been a lot of rain this month. 这个月雨水很多. There will be an announcement soon. 不久会发布告. 二,There are + n(复数名词/不可数名词)+ and + n(复数名词/不可数名词) 该句型表示同一类人或物的不同性质,尤其表示有好坏优劣之分,意为“有各种各样的”、“种种不一”等.如: There are friends and friends. 朋友有种种,有益友,有损友. There is tea and tea. 茶叶有好有差. 三 There be+名词+分词 这种句式中分词可以是现在分词,也可以是过去分词.doing表示动作和前面名词有主谓关系,过去分词done和前面名词有被动关系.如: There is a man sitting on the fence. 有个人正坐在篱笆上. There was a car stolen last night. 昨晚有辆车被偷了. 这种句式可以用"主语+be+分词"这一结构来代替.例如: There is a boy playing with a puppy in the yard. ( = A boy is playing witha puppy in the yard.) 一个男孩正在院子里和一只小狗玩耍. There has been more money spent on armaments than on famine relief. (=More money has been spent on armaments than on famine relief.) 花在军备上的钱比花在救灾上的钱还多. 四, There be+名词+动词不定式 这种句式中的及物动词(动词不定式)也可改成被动式, 意为"(没)有……要做".例如: There is a lot of work to do (to be done). 有许多工作要做. There was no time to wait for you. 没有时间再等你了. 注意:There is nothing to do与There is nothing to be done. 含义不同.前者意为:"无事可做",后者意为"没有办法".试比较: There is nothing to do-I"m bored. 无事可做--我感到闷得慌.(=There is nothing to entertain me.) 没有什么活动来消遣. There is nothing to be done-we"ll have to buy another one. 没有办法--我们只好另外买一个了.(= There is no way off putting it right.) 五 There is+no+动名词 这种句式可与"It is impossible+动词不定式"替换,意为"无法做某事".例如: There is no stopping him. (=It is impossible to stop him.)无法阻止他. There is no guessing what will happen. 无法猜到将会发生什么. 六, There is(no) need for+名词 该句式意为"(不)需要……".例如: There is no need for anxiety. 不需要担心. There is a great need for a book on this subject. 非常需要有一本关于这个题目的书. 七, There is no need+动词不定式.例如: There is no need for him to come.不需要他来了. There is no need (for you) to start yet.(你)现在还没有必要动身. 八,There is no use+动名词 该句式可与"It is no use+动名词"互换,意为"……无用(无济于事)".例如: There is no use waiting any longer.(=It is no use waiting any longer.) 再等下去是没有用的. There is no use(in) offering the olive branch now. 现在想和解也无济于事了. 九, There is nothing /not anything like… 该句型中“nothing/not anything like…”相当于“nothing /not anything better /more suitable than…”,意为“没有什么比……更好/更合适/更有效了”.如: There is nothing like a book for taking you out of yourself. 没有什么比书更能使你解脱自己了. There is nothing like walking as a means of keeping fit. 作为保持健康的方法,没有什么比散步更好的了. 十, There is nothing more...than 该句式意为"再……不过了".例如: There is nothing more dangerous than an illusion of security. 太平无事的想法是再危险不过的了. 十一,There is no(not any) point in+动名词 该句式意为:"……是没有意义(思)的."例如: There is no point in doing so. 这样做是没有意义的. There is not any point in harping on the same old tune. 没有必要再重复这一套. 十二,情态动词及ought to,have to,used to用在there be结构中.例如: There must be something wrong with the machine,for it doesn’t run well. 机器一定出了毛病,因为他运转不正常. There oughtn’t to be too great a difference in our views. 我们的看法不应该存在太大的分歧. There might be some good songs after all this trash. 在播放了这些乱七八糟的歌曲之后,可能会放几首好歌. If the power hadn"t been cut off so quickly, there could have been a big fire. 要不是迅速切断电源,可能会引发一场大火. 十三,There is a possibility of(或that) 该句式表示"有可能".例如: There is a possibility of my going to Denmark. (= There is a possibility that I may be able to go to Denmark.) 我有可能去丹麦. 十四, There+人称代词+come(go)/there come(go)+名词 该句式是there作感叹词放在句首.如果主语是人称代词,则动词放在其后;如果主语是名词,则动词放在其前.例如: There they come!他们来了! There comes the bus at last!公共汽车终于来啦! 十五,. There+动词 这种句式只限于表示存在某种状态、发生某种事或某事、某人到达等动词,意义比there be 结构格更为生动贴切.如live,lie seem,appear,happen tand,exist,arise,enter,come,go,remain,exist,rise,occur,flow,arrive,enter,follow等.而不适用于表示一般具体行动的动词.例如: Many years ago,there lived an emperor who cared more for clothes than for anything else. 许多年前有位皇帝热衷于漂亮的衣服胜过其他东西. There stands a tall building across the river over there. 河对面耸立着一幢高层建筑物. There goes the bell.铃响了. There comes a knock at the door.有人敲门. There remains one question to be discussed.还剩一个问题要讨论. There seems to be something wrong about it. 这事好像有点儿不大对头. There appears to be no one who can answer this question. 看来没人能够回答这个问题. There will follow an interval of five minutes. 随后将有五分钟的休息. 十六,There are/is certain(sure,likely)to be该结构的意义为肯定有/可能有.例如: Thereare like to be more difficulties than you were prepared for. 很可能会遇到你预想不到的困难. There are sure to be a restaurant some where. 某处肯定有个饭店. 十七,There +be+ed分词+to be常用动词有:say,expect,believe,consider,think,mean,构成信息来源模糊表达式.例如: There is/are said to be a number of wounded on both sides. 据说双方都有不少受伤. There is/are expected to be an exciting film next week. 预计下周有一步精彩电影上演. 十八v + there to be该结构中的动词往往是:expect, want, intend, mean, consider, like, hate, prefer等接不定式做宾语的动词.如: We don’t want there to be any students falling behind. 我们不想有任何学生落后. I should prefer there tobe no disscusion.我希望没有讨论. 动词let后接there be 做宾语补足语.如: Let there be no mis under standing.不要产生误会. 十九There being/having been是独立主格结构,在句中作状语.如: There having been no rain for a long time, the ground was burned black by the sun. 好长时间未下雨,大地都给太阳烤焦了. 二十There(not) being/there(not) having been用作ing分词的复合结构在句中做主语或宾语.例如: There being a bus stop so near the house is an advantage.(做主语) 公共汽车站离家这末近是一很有利的条件. I dreamed of there being a holiday tomorrow. 我梦想明天有一假日. 二十一,for ther to be 为不定式复合结构例如: For there to be no late comers was unusual. 没人迟到这是不寻常的事. It is not cold enough for there to be frost. 天还不够冷不足以有霜冻. 二十二,There is nothing for it but to do sth 该句型相当于“There is no choice but to do sth”,意为“别无他法,只能……”.如: There is nothing for it but to do what is required. 只能按要求去做了,别无他法.(=I have no choice but to do what it required.)

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